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The Readers' Forum: Thursday letters (Winston-Salem Journal [NC] , 06/08/16)
JANE FREEMONT GIBSON: "Burr blocked his own federal District Court nominee, Jennifer May-Parker, for purely political reasons. He’s done the same with Justice Patricia Timmons-Goodson, even though the judicial branch is dangerously short on judges. This kind of political shenanigans needs to end. I’ve had enough of this childishness."

Chuck Grassley’s Two-Year Campaign of Senseless Obstruction of Judicial Nominees (Justice Watch, 06/08/16)
"Since Republicans took over the Senate in January 2015, judicial nominees have been subject to systematic, politically motivated obstruction led by Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley. This senseless obstruction goes beyond the unprecedented refusal even to give Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland a hearing. Under Grassley’s leadership, this Congress is on pace to be the worst for judicial confirmations in more than a half-century. While Grassley refuses to consider dozens of qualified, noncontroversial nominees, the number of judicial vacancies has nearly doubled, and the number of officially-designated judicial emergencies has increased 150%. While leading the Judiciary Committee, Grassley’s prioritized partisan politics over staffing our courts, needlessly creating a judicial vacancy crisis that threatens our nation’s justice system."

"While the Senate is dragging its feet, the president is moving forward with filling empty seats throughout out federal courts. On April 28, he announced three qualified nominees for District Court seats in Florida. Thanks to obstruction from Sen. Rubio and other Republican Senators, only 15 federal judges were confirmed last year — a record low. The lack of judges has led to record backlogs in courts in Florida and around the country. And now, the Senate’s inaction could also leave the Supreme Court short-staffed for more than a year. Without a fully functioning Supreme Court, our constitutional rights could also vary across different parts of the country — a patchwork legal system brought about by a short-handed Supreme Court."

Elizabeth Warren Has Had It With Mitch McConnell’s ‘Petty’ Behavior: The majority leader rejected the Massachusetts senator’s bid to advance judicial nominees with bipartisan support. (Huffington Post, 06/08/16)
Michael McAuliff: "Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) accused Republicans of pure political obstruction of President Barack Obama’s judicial nominees Wednesday, prompting a shrug from Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), who objected to her attempt to expedite 15 long-stalled appointees. Warren took to the Senate floor in the afternoon seeking unanimous consent to bring up all the noncontroversial judges who have passed the Senate Judiciary Committee, but have not received votes on the Senate floor. Pointing to a report she released Monday, the Massachusetts senator noted that Republicans have been approving nominees at a glacial pace since taking over the Senate in 2014, approving just 18 judges in this Congress. Judicial vacancies have skyrocketed from 43 to 89."

Editorial: Grassley ignores judicial crisis (Des Moines Register [IA], 06/08/16)
"Democrats and Republicans are never going to agree on where the blame lies for the alarming number of judicial vacancies in the federal court system. ... But it is surprising to see the office of Sen. Charles Grassley, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, dismiss these vacancies as a “manufactured crisis” undeserving of public attention. Regardless of who is to blame for the vacancies, the senator should at least recognize the value in having those critical positions filled. ... Since the Republicans took control of the Senate in 2015, confirmations have slowed to a crawl, with only 18 judges confirmed. At the same time, the president’s ability to fill vacancies on the federal courts of appeal have hit a brick wall .... What the senator neglects to say, however, is that Obama has also had four or five dozen more vacancies to fill, and he still has eight months to serve.... there are currently 67 judicial vacancies in the U.S. district courts, which translates to a vacancy rate of 10 percent. That’s a significantly higher vacancy rate than Obama’s three most recent predecessors faced at similar points in their presidency, according to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. To make matters worse, the number of judicial emergencies is roughly double what it was in May 2008 and May 2000 .... Regardless of who created this problem, Grassley is in a position to fix it and ensure that criminal and civil cases are being heard on a timely basis. Unfortunately, he appears to have no interest in doing so ... it’s the public, who suffer long delays in having their cases heard, who pay the price."

How Not to Interview Mitch McConnell (Moyers & Company, 06/06/16)
Todd Gitlin: "“There is no dysfunction in the Senate anymore,” declared the Senate majority leader. Here’s Charlie Rose’s response: “Because Harry Reid is now the minority leader and you are the majority leader.” Here’s how he didn’t respond: The US Judicial Conference considers that since 2015, when you became majority leader of the Senate, what they call “judicial emergencies” (based on caseloads and vacancies) have risen from 12 to 29. Why don’t you consider the Senate’s refusal to confirm or reject judicial nominations a dysfunction? Do you know that the Senate under your leadership has confirmed a total of 18 federal judges, compared to 72 in 1999-2000 when Trent Lott was the majority leader and 68 in 2007-08, when Harry Reid was in charge?"

Rubio officially blocks Mary Barzee Flores (Southern District of Florida Blog, 06/06/16)
David Markus: "Really sucks. I don't really get it either -- why back the person only to withhold the blue slip?"

Elizabeth Warren Details ‘Extreme’ Republican Obstruction: Meanwhile, a HuffPost/YouGov poll finds Americans oppose the GOP’s Supreme Court blockade by a 2-1 margin. (Huffington Post, 06/06/16)
Michael McAuliff: "Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) came out with a report on Monday detailing what she calls the “extreme” obstruction of President Barack Obama’s nominees — and a new HuffPost/YouGov poll suggests Americans agree with her, at least on the president’s Supreme Court pick.... Warren notes that when President Ronald Reagan was working with a Democratic-led Senate, about 80 percent of his noncontroversial judicial appointees were confirmed within 100 days of being nominated, including Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy, who won confirmation in the election year of 1988. In contrast, almost none of Obama’s court nominees were confirmed in less than 100 days, with most — about 60 percent of confirmations — taking more than 200 days.... When the GOP took control of the Senate in 2014, the pace of appointments slowed dramatically again. Court vacancies have jumped from 43 to 89, but McConnell and Republicans have acted to advance just 18 nominations. By comparison, the Senate confirmed 68 judges in George W. Bush’s final two years as president."

Is a 112 percent increase in judicial vacancies par for the course? (Brookings, 06/06/16)
Russell Wheeler: "The data in this short post come the Administrative Office, the Federal Judicial Center, and my own data collections. They demonstrate the feebleness of the current Senate’s vacancy-related performance compared to Senates during recent two-term president’s final two years, as of June 1 of the eighth year. Then, as now, the White House and the Senate were controlled by different parties."

Elizabeth Warren: Republicans, stop obstructing Obama (CNN, 06/06/16)
"Nowhere has that strategy been more insidious or persistent than in Republicans' efforts to block Obama's nominations to head agencies, fill judicial vacancies and staff other key government posts. On Monday, I released a new report that documents the long and troubling history of Republican obstruction of Obama administration nominees -- a story that started at the very beginning of Obama's presidency. Despite their statements and self-congratulatory videos to the contrary, when it comes to keeping the government staffed, Senate Republicans have flatly refused to do their jobs. The latest example involves the nomination of Judge Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court.... Fewer district and circuit court judges were confirmed in President Obama's first term than in the first terms of the previous three presidents, thanks to Senate Republicans' stall-and-delay strategy. A majority of Obama's uncontroversial first-term judicial nominees -- those who were both reported by the Senate Judiciary Committee and confirmed by the full Senate overwhelmingly -- took over 200 days to be confirmed. And since Republicans took charge of the Senate in 2015, judicial confirmations have virtually ground to a halt. According to the Alliance for Justice, Senate Republicans are "on pace for the lowest number of judicial confirmations in more than 60 years.""

Marco Rubio is blocking confirmation of judge he suggested (Daily Kos, 06/06/16)
Walter Einenkel: "Rubio did this purportedly unprecedented kind of flip-flopping once before with a 2013 Miami-Dade Circuit Court Judge."

Tom Cotton: Today's worst person in the world (Arkansas Times, 06/06/16)
Max Brantley: "It is a mean, pinched world in which Tom Cotton lives — a world where hurricane victims are punished so that he may make a political point. Where caseloads in important courts stack up so he may make a point. And where a good woman died in disappointment so that he could score a political point."

Rubio Blocks Another Judge He Recommended to Obama (Dispatches from the Culture Wars blog, 06/05/16)
Ed Brayton: "For the second time, Sen. Marco Rubio has blocked any consideration of a federal judge whose nomination he had personally recommended to the White House. They were qualified when he recommended them, now suddenly they aren’t.... Looks a lot like hypocrisy to me."

You’ll Never Guess Which Republican Senator Just Shot Down His Own Judicial Nominee (Medium, 06/04/16)
Grant Stern: "Outgoing Florida Senator Marco Rubio... stalled Federal judicial nominee Mary Barzee Flores In what can only be called obstruction theater of the absurd, Florida Senator Marco Rubio just crushed President Obama’s nomination of a highly qualified former federal prosecutor and state judge for a federal judgeship — who Rubio himself recommended for the job! The Republican Senate has become determined to oppose any and everything done by President Obama for partisan reasons — like keeping the Supreme Court missing a member and here’s a singular specimen of the disease, Marco Rubio. It’s highly unusual for a Senator to block their own appointments, but this seems to be the case"

Letter | 'Great national significance'? (Courier-Journal [KY] , 06/02/16)
James McMillin: "Senator McConnell should take a sip of the political medicine he offers to others in his newly released autobiography, "The Long Game." Quote: “On issues of great national significance, one party should never simply force its will on everybody else.”... This is painfully true in terms of ... (5) delaying federal judicial appointments of a sitting president, 59 more than just one for the Supreme Court; and (6) refusing to even allow Senate debate on Obama-nominated Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland, which might be the ultimate sulk by the Senate majority Leader."

Time for GOP to stop playing games with judges | Letter (Express-Times [PA], 06/01/16)
Jodi Hirsh: "I'd love to have some of the Kool-Aid Blake Marles must have been drinking when he wrote the May 18 column, "Toomey has good record on federal judge appointments." I'm not sure which Sen. Pat Toomey to whom he's referring, but clearly it's not the one who is currently refusing to fulfill his constitutional duty by holding a hearing for Supreme Court nominee Judge Merrick Garland, or the one who held up the eminently qualified Judge Luis Felipe Restrepo for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania for more than a year. Or the Toomey who who has not returned a blue slip for Rebecca Haywood for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals, or the one who hasn't been able to get committee votes on Judges Susan Baxter and Marilyn Horan, two exceptionally qualified Pennsylvania nominees who have been waiting since December."

June 2016: Judicial Vacancies Keep Rising (Federal Bar Association's Washington Watch, 06/01/16)
Bruce Moyer: "The tempest over the single vacancy on the Supreme Court has obscured the increase in vacancies on the federal district courts, where most federal judicial work gets done. And yet the pace of judicial confirmations of district court nominees has slowed to a trickle. ... there were less than half as many Article III vacancies—only 42—when the current Senate took office in January 2015. Since that time, the Senate has permitted that number of judicial vacancies to more than double. Considerable numbers of these vacancies at the district and circuit levels are considered “emergencies” by the Judicial Conference .... , twenty FBA chapters in five states—comprising Alabama, Florida, New York, Tennessee and Texas—wrote to their home-state Senators ... 'Vacancies have an especially significant impact on litigants in the federal courts, as well as the broader economy, as individuals and corporations must wait longer to have their day in court. Vacancies and delay add greater costs to already high litigation expenses. Those of us who try federal cases know the financial impact of continuances of cases that can extend for months, even years, without decision, due to insufficient bench capacity. For business clients, these costs get passed on to customers. And when the United States is a party to the case, it means that the public is paying that higher tab.'"

City's businesses should support a vote on Obama's Supreme Court nominee: From entrepreneurs to big companies, we need government to put process over politics (Crain’s New York Business, 06/01/16)
OP-ED By Ken Biberaj, chairman of the board for the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce: "Unfortunately, the Senate’s failure to even hold hearings on the president's nomination is creating a profound sense of uncertainty that threatens to erode the climate for risk-taking and investment.... The court's inability to rule on cases important to business is delaying decisions, leading to divergent state regulations and uncertainty at the national level. From questions related to immigration, patent infringement, the Affordable Care Act or standards on arbitration costs, a host of topics are ready for their day in court but might not get one.... The process for judicial confirmations in general has already slowed down to such a dangerous degree that we are damaging one of our biggest competitive advantages as a nation: a high-functioning judicial system that can be relied upon to uphold contracts, enforce laws and create an environment of fairness that allows business to prosper."

Guest columnist: Sens. Burr and Tillis and the politics of obstruction (Asheville Citizen-Times [NC] , 05/28/16)
Gailya Paliga, president, NC National Organization for Women: "Burr and Tillis are refusing to allow hearings on the U.S. Supreme Court nomination. ... Retired N.C. Supreme Court Justice Patricia Timmons-Goodson was nominated on April 28 to fill a longtime vacancy of a U.S. District judge position in the Eastern District of North Carolina. Burr vowed to block her the same day. ... This federal court seat has been empty for more than 10 years. This vacancy was elevated to judicial emergency status years ago. Burr has never explained why he did not submit May-Parker’s name for consideration. Now, Burr is blocking another extremely well qualified African-American women from filling this vacancy. Burr has caused and continues to cause the federal courts in North Carolina to be short-handed."

Editorial Boards Stress Urgent Need to Fill Federal Judicial Vacancies in 2016 (, 05/27/16)
The following 2016 editorials highlight the real-world impacts of the current vacancy surge and the pressing need to fill those vacancies.

The "Thurmond Rule" and other advice and consent myths (Brookings, 05/25/16)
Russell Wheeler: "Grassley’s description of the paucity, since 2000, of presidential election year confirmations after the summer recesses obscures the amount of election-year confirmations prior to the recesses. The Senate confirmed from four to eight circuit judges in each of those four years (2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012), compared to only one so far in 2016. And it confirmed, before the recesses in those years, 27, 24, 14, and 28 district judges, compared to only six so far in 2016. (And, any Thurmond “rule” notwithstanding, in those four years the Senate confirmed 36 district judges after the recesses—not to mention ten post-August circuit confirmations in 1984, 1988, and 1992, during and immediately following Thurmond’s chairmanship.).... Those examples should motivate the full Senate to consider at least the 21 district and one circuit nominees who have had hearings. Doing so could help close the yawning gap between the 114th Senate’s record of 18 total confirmations and those of its recent predecessors—72 in 1999-2000 when Republicans controlled the Senate and 68 in 2007-08, when Democrats did.... McConnell’s comparison is akin to saying that Congress treated a hypothetical President X fairly by providing slightly more hurricane relief funds than it provided President Y, even though President X’s term saw twice as many hurricanes as did President Y’s. The judicial analogy to natural emergencies is vacancies.... The question, in other words, is not fairness to a president but fairness to litigants and judges. Section 2, Article 2 does not terminate the Senate’s “advice and consent” function once it confirms the same number of nominees as those of a prior president, or, despite any “Thurmond Rule,” once it leaves town in July for a month and a half of party conventions and presidential election year campaigning."

CAN SPLIT GOVERNMENT WORK? (Moderate Voice, 05/25/16)
ROBERT A. LEVINE, TMV Columnist: "The Senate’s refusal to confirm Obama’s candidate to replace Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court, Merrick Garland, a centrist judge with impeccable credentials, is another example of Republican partisanship, ignoring past precedent. ... As bad as the rejection of Garland by Republicans has been their obstructionism in filling federal court appointments recommended by Obama, causing difficulties in the courts’ ability to function, with heavy caseloads for justices and long delays in handling cases. ... Republican Senators blocked Obama’s attempt to fill vacancies on regional federal courts of appeal. The senators refused to approve of candidates for judgeships in their states ahead of formal nomination"

Benched! The “Thurmond Rule,” and other Republican excuses to avoid doing work (Justice Watch, 05/24/16)
"An extraordinary idea surfaced at the Senate Judiciary Committee’s weekly business meeting last Thursday. Senator Diane Feinstein, a member of the committee since 1993, proposed that senators stop debating the meaning of the so-called Thurmond Rule—which we’ve previously described as “a figment of the partisan imagination invoked to give an air of legitimacy to . . . pure obstruction”—and that instead members of the committee “just sit down and do our job” to fairly consider and process judicial nominees.... Since the Republicans took over in 2015, the Senate has confirmed a paltry 18 judges, putting it on pace for the fewest judicial confirmations in more than a half-century. Only two of the 18 confirmed are circuit court judges, a number that, if it holds, would be the lowest since the 55th congress in 1897-1898. And in the Judiciary Committee, Chairman Chuck Grassley is refusing to hold a confirmation hearing for a Supreme Court nominee who has already been pending for 70 days, to say nothing of the 29 lower court nominees who still need a hearing.... With the Republicans in charge, judicial vacancies have nearly doubled from 43 to 81, and judicial emergencies—the official designation for courts unable to keep pace with existing caseloads—have jumped from 12 to 29. ... at this point in the last Congress of President Bush’s administration, Senate Democrats had worked to reduce vacancies from 56 to 46 and judicial emergencies from 25 to 16."

Republican obstruction creates new bamboo ceiling for Asian American judicial nominees (Huffington Post, 05/24/16)
Christopher Kang, National Director, NCAPA: "President Obama has appointed more AAPI federal judges than all presidents in history combined, and the nine AAPI women he has appointed is even more remarkable considering there were only two prior to 2009. While this is important progress, Senate Republicans are obstructing any further advancement by delaying consideration of President Obama’s five distinguished AAPI nominees—all women—to lifetime federal judgeships.... Judge Lucy Koh has been nominated for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ... She would be just the second AAPI woman to serve as a circuit judge in our nation’s history. In June 2010, the Senate unanimously confirmed her to serve as a district judge ... by a vote of 90-0, but Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley has not yet scheduled a hearing on her nomination.... Since Republicans took control of the Senate in January 2015, judicial vacancies have more than doubled, from 43 to 87..... empty courtrooms mean that everyone must needlessly wait .... The Senate has confirmed only 18 judicial nominees over the past 17 months—a pace so slow it hasn’t been seen in decades—while 55 nominees remain pending, subject to Republican obstruction and delay."

Senator Burr Causes 10 Year Judicial Vacancy (Fayetteville Observer [NC] , 05/23/16)
Column by Gailya Paliga, president, N.C. National Organization for Women: "Fayetteville's own extremely well qualified former N.C. Supreme Court justice was nominated on April 28 to fill a longtime vacancy on the federal court bench in Eastern North Carolina. ... I was shocked to read that Sen. Richard Burr vowed to block her the same day that she was nominated.... Sen. Burr refuses to do the U.S. Senate's job of advice and consent. ... Burr has caused and continues to cause the federal courts in North Carolina to be short-handed. Burr needs to fulfill his own constitutional responsibility and let the Senate do its job to fill this inexcusable 10-year judicial vacancy."

There’s plenty of time for Merrick Garland hearings, no excuse for GOP foot-dragging (Bangor Daily News [ME], 05/23/16)
Sherry Huber & Roger Berle, Republican members of Board of Directors, Maine Conservation Voters: "the blocking of Garland’s nomination is only the most recent and high-profile example of obstruction that has been taking place for years and left our federal courts without adequate numbers of judges to ensure the American people can have their day in court. As of today there are a total of 81 vacant judgeships across the country, with 29 of those unfilled positions resulting in workloads so high as to be declared a judicial emergency. Of the 57 nominees put forward by the president, 19 await a vote by the full Senate while 38 languish in the Senate Judiciary Committee. There’s no excuse for that kind of foot-dragging. We need our federal courts to function and to reach decisions on the host of issues brought before them that shape our daily lives. Important issues, from civil and human rights to voting and campaign finance laws to environmental issues such as the EPA’s effort to control greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Air Act ... Refusing to hold hearings and take an up or down vote on nominees is a dereliction of duty and an insult to the American people."

DOUG ROSS: Garland issue is more than decoration (Northwest Indiana Times, 05/18/16)
Column by Politics/History Editor Doug Ross: "U.S. Sens. Dan Coats and Joe Donnelly are pleased the Senate Judiciary Committee is holding a confirmation hearing today on Winfield Ong, who was nominated to serve as federal judge in the U.S. District Court for southern Indiana. It revives the discussion of Merrick Garland’s nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court.... It’s worth noting if Coats votes on Ong’s nomination, he won’t be waiting for his successor to make that decision."

Gailya Paliga: Time to fill federal court judge position (News & Observer [NC], 05/17/16)
Gailya Paliga, President, N.C. National Organization for Women, Letter to the Editor: "I was impressed to see that one of our own extremely well-qualified former N.C. Supreme Court justices was nominated April 28 to fill a longtime vacancy on the federal court bench in Eastern North Carolina. Patricia Timmons-Goodson served as an associate justice ... I was appalled to read that Sen. Richard Burr vowed to block her the same day.... Burr has actually blocked two women from this position since 2013. Burr has caused and continues to cause the federal courts in North Carolina to be short-handed. Burr needs to fulfill his constitutional responsibility and fill this longtime vacancy at judicial emergency status."

Chris Fitzsimon: Burr’s absurd blockade of a judge in his home state (New Bern Sun Journal [NC], 05/17/16)
Opinion: "An African-American has never served as a federal judge in the Eastern District of North Carolina and Senator Richard Burr apparently intends to keep it that way, judging by his knee-jerk opposition to President Obama’s latest nominee to fill a seat on the court that has been vacant for 10 years, the longest vacancy in the country."

GOP nihilism in the Senate: The Republicans’ judicial insanity goes well beyond Merrick Garland: What Republicans have done is make obstructionism the norm — and they continue to get away with it (, 05/17/16)
Sean Illing: "Only the Republicans refuse to concede that elections have consequences. What they’ve done, in effect, is make obstructionism the norm. They’ve tied judicial nominations to political campaigns in such a way that the entire process is now compromised. The justice system requires judges in order to function properly."